Combat misconduct in research using blockchain

There are issues to be solved in academia. Some claim, and research shows this to be true, that misconduct in research has increased. Can blockchain be a part of the solution to reduce this behavior? How can we combat misconduct in research using blockchain?

Before we answer this question we need to look at the concept of misconduct. What is misconduct in research?

What is misconduct in research?

Misconduct in Research
Photo by Rohan Makhecha on Unsplash

Misconduct in research can be many things; it can be premeditated or as the result of lack of knowledge. Both cases are harmful in many ways to society, research, and individuals. Some examples of misconduct can be cheating with data, plagiarism or duplications, to mention some. This misconduct is severe and would affect academia in many ways, direct and indirectly. As it is today, there are few mechanisms to identify and react against misconduct.

One paper where we can read about the increased academic misconduct is in Vijay Moans article “On the use of blockchain-based mechanisms to tackle academic misconduct” (Mohan, 2019). Here you can get some background as to how he believes the “winner takes it all” contest-like situation in academia is building a ground for more incidents of misconduct. The article provides a good framework to understand the situation.

Back to the blockchain. One of the solutions to combat misconduct ,he suggests, is to use blockchain technology. In short, his idea is that blockchain can provide methods and technology for alleviating problems with the academic publishing industry. The idea is that blockchain can work as a monitoring technology, and thus be a part of a solution to increase the probability that misconduct will be detected. According to Mohan, there are not enough of such monitoring platforms today.

Read the article by Vijay Mohan published in Research Policy 48 (2019) (subscription journal)

KnowledgeArc and blockchain

At KnowledgeArc we believe in blockchain. Firstly, we believe the technology can be a way to meet the challenges of open science. Secondly, we believe the technology can be a game changer when it comes to changing the focus from quantity to quality in publication. And lastly, we believe blockchain can add security and full openness to the equation. With this in mind we also believe that blockchain can be one of several initiatives which can contribute to improved academic processes.

These are just some of the ways we can combat misconduct in research using blockchain. What are your thoughts in this regard? Leave comments below…

Read more about our blockchain developments here.

The Decentralized Archive Journey Begins

At KnowledgeArc.Network, we believe that the publishing, dissemination and archiving or information needs to fundamentally change.

Information should be open and public. It should also incentivize a decentralized community to participate in the creation, review, licensing, verification and archiving of information.

A democratized ecosystem for peer review

A single entity should not control and decide what quality content can or cannot be peer reviewed and published. Large, well-funded institutions should not receive preferential treatment over smaller, less-funded ones. Instead, we believe the entire community can actively participate in the review and publishing process. The community can decide inclusion of a work based on its merits rather than the size of an institution’s reach and influence.

Your data held for ransom

The convenience of a third-party hosting provider can often mean you give up control of your data. If you decide to change hosts or move information to in-house infrastructure, you are reliant on your existing host to hand over all your data. Depending on your agreement with your host, it may not be possible to salvage it all.

KnowledgeArc.Network uses decentralized technologies to store, sign and verify your archived information. An archiving provider can no longer hold your data exclusively; you and others can replicate your data, even if it is private, whether it is to another hosting provider, an in-house server or even your local computer.

Multiple versions of the data also ensures there isn’t a single point of failure.

Incentivizing the community

Current solutions incentivize and reward middlemen, but it is the authors, reviewers, end-users and developers who create all of the information from which these middlemen profit.

KnowledgeArc.Network aims to incentivize the community and revenue will go directly to the participants of ecosystem. Citations and licensing will flow directly to the creators of works archived to the ecosystem through the use of automated agreements (smart contracts). Community members will conduct peer review, with smart contracts providing remuneration directly. Developers will have access to the entire system and will be able to create tools and processes which directly benefit all users. And users will be able to directly reward content creators for their contribution to the ecosystem.

Alternative statistics and metrics could even result in additional earnings for content creators as impact factor is monetized.

KnowledgeArc.Network whitepaper

We distilled our vision into our official whitepaper which is available for download.

Active development

The whitepaper is not the start of our development cycle. KnowledgeArc.Network has been in development for 2 years and momentum is growing.

We are integrating various technologies with our archiving platform and ecosystem and cultivating partnerships with other blockchain systems which we have identified as key to the evolution of the KnowledgeArc.Network ecosystem.

Tokenomics

The utility token, Archive (ARCH) powers the KnowledgeArc.Network for transactions within the decentralized ecosystem.

Community members participating in the ecosystem will be able to directly earn tokens; authors will earn through citations and licensing, peer reviewers through verifying the authenticity of works, developers by extending functionality and providing customizations and resource providers by providing solutions such as backups and hosting applications.

We are working on ways to make using Archive as easy as possible and are incentivizing key archiving players to embrace KnowledgeArc.Network and blockchain technologies to replace redundant solutions and methodologies.